ASSETPROFILE GROUP, LLC

HOW TO BUILD BUSINESS CREDIT USING AN AGED CORPORATION OR AGED LLC

Business Credit Benefits

There are many advantages of establishing business credit. A business credit profile for a company may be generated that is entirely different from the owner’s personal credit profile, essentially doubling borrowing power. These business accounts have much higher credit limits and capabilities than consumer credit. Business credit can be established without a personal credit search or a personal guarantee, if done correctly. Business credit can be accessed easily regardless of personal credit history, and business accounts are not reported to personal credit bureaus. Almost every company can get business credit if it has an EIN and is set up as a legal entity.
perks of business credits
steps to build business profile

3 Steps to Build Your Initial Business Credit Profile

A business, like a client, begins by establishing a new credit profile. A company’s credit profile is blank at the outset. The corporation is given new credit and is submitted to corporate credit rating agencies. The company then obtains access to the vendor’s records, receives credit, and pays the bill on schedule, establishing a good business credit record. The company can apply for additional credit if it continues to use the credit and pays its bills on schedule.
Step 1: Improve Your Access to Business Credit
It’s critical to follow credit issuer requirements when creating an initial company credit profile. Even if your business is fundable, most business loan applicants are turned down due to fraud issues, not because you do not meet the criteria. Business lenders battle fraud by cross-referencing the organization and application records with details from LexisNexis, Dun & Bradstreet, Experian, The Small Business Financial Exchange, Equifax, and ChexSystems, among others. A lender’s primary purpose is to ensure that business owners repay them in full and on schedule. Lenders consider cash flow, collateral, and credit when determining a company’s fundability (potential access to business funding). The more “Cs” you have, the more financial alternatives you have.
Business Name
One of the most common reasons for rejection is that the application does not show the legal business name on file in state documents. Ensure that all company records, certificates, and bank accounts have the same name. If your business is in a high-risk market, your company name may be troublesome. Risk is generally described as having a better chance of being injured on the job or having a company that performs more cash transactions than most other companies. If possible, avoid including a business name that identifies a risky industry.
Business Phone Number
A real business phone number obtained from a business phone line is the best form of business phone number available. If you have a retail location and can get a business phone line installed, it is the most reliable type of business phone number. Lenders consider toll-free or 800 numbers to be a symbol of a company’s reputation. Never use your mobile phone number or home phone number as a business phone number. Voice over IP, which you can get from Freedom Voice or Ringcentral, is an alternative business phone number option that is readily available. As soon as you get a company phone number, you should get a fax number as lenders consider companies with a fax number more reliable. A fax number is required to collect essential papers and to fax credit applications. Freedom Voice and Ringcentral, for example, will provide you with a fax number that is similar to your business’s phone number at a low cost. You should get a toll-free number until you’ve established your business phone number.
How to Obtain a 411 Listing

Most lenders and credit issuers do not inform new business owners that your company phone number should be listed in the 411 directory. Since startup businesses usually aren’t included in 411 listings, this is an indication to lenders that the company is already well developed. Your phone number must be publicly accessible on search engines like Google, Bing, and Yahoo to get a 411 entry. Go to Listyourself.net for a fast and simple way to get a 411 listing.

Business Address

Many lenders and credit issuers will automatically turn you down if you use your home address on a credit application. Lenders will use Google Street View to flag your business address as residential. If you use a PO box or UPS address on your loan application, you will be rejected. Since most profitable companies work out of a physical office, the best address to use is a physical business address. A virtual address is a suitable alternative option if the company does not have a physical address. With a virtual address, you can rent a mailing address and a meeting room from a large and respectable office building at a low cost. Companies such as Regis, Coalition, and Da Vinci offer virtual addresses. Be sure to check that your address is consistent with both of your online and offline business records, especially with the secretary of state.

Regus Virtual Office

Regus virtual offices offer meeting rooms, drop-in corporate lounges, a loyalty schedule, and mail forwarding and handling. For exact pricing on office suites, call the number mentioned on their website. Coworking rooms are the most affordable option. Regus has branches all around the globe; several European countries are home to their most famous locations. Watch out for their aggressive billing department. They may claim you owe a debt to them even after you cancelled service. If at all possible, check the other virtual office service providers as a first option and consider Regus as a last ditch solution.
alliance virtual office for business

Alliance Virtual Office

Alliance offers live receptionists, conference rooms, an office address, optional mail routing, a local or toll-free business phone number, unrestricted local and long-distance calls, voicemail via email, personalized greetings, and an online control panel. The price ranges from $125 to $50. Alliance is a global organization; its most prominent locations outside of the US include Mexico, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands.

Davinci Virtual Office

Davinci is a virtual office provider that features live receptionists, video chat, conference rooms, and event spaces. Davinci is well-known all over the world. Their most common locations outside of the US include Mexico, European countries, South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan, and Brazil.

Business Address

A professional business website is essential for your company to thrive in this day and age. Your company’s website domain must be either yourcompany.com or yourcompany.net. You should never use Wix or Weebly; you’ll need hosting from a company like GoDaddy. Ensure that your company is included on popular search engines like Yelp, Citysearch, Zagat, and the 411 directories. You can also have a Stable Sockets Layer (SSL) enabled, which is a common encryption technology for providing an encrypted connection between a server and a client. Updating your website’s architecture, backlinks, and practices gives credit issuers a clearer impression of your company’s reputation. To be deemed trustworthy, your company website must recognize a variety of credit card firms. The public record with the Secretary of State, business permits, and other public records must follow the principles listed on the website. The McAfee, Verisign, and TrustE seals must also be present on your company’s website. A company needs to have a good social media presence in the twenty-first century. Your company’s reputation is measured by the number of endorsements, scores, check-ins, news reports, web engagement, shares, and followers it gets on social media.
build your online presence
business email benefits

Business Email

Your company may look untrustworthy if you don’t have an email address or website. When creating a business email address, you should use the same domain as your website. Generic titles such as admin@yourwebsite.com and gethelp@yourwebsite.com function well. When setting up your business email, avoid using search engines like Gmail, Yahoo, or AOL.

The Secretary of State’s Office

Take the time to double-check that all major authorities (State, IRS, bank, 411 national directories, etc.) have your company identified in the same manner as your exact legal name. You should also make sure that any electric, internet, or rent bill you receive contains the correct business name and is sent to the correct business address. Any license you’ll need to operate your company is available from the Secretary of State’s office. The Secretary of State provides valuable knowledge, such as whether you need to resume your education to keep your license updated. Processing times vary, and it may not be done on schedule in some states.
business building inspection
account approval for business

Business Bank Account

A business bank account is required by many business credit providers. A company bank account can prevent funds from intermingling. Many banks allow you to apply for business bank accounts online. If you buy a company, the ownership immediately switches onto your credit report, which raises a red flag when lenders start looking at your bank account start date instead of the entity’s start date. Since a long business history is preferable, you should open your business bank account as soon as possible. You can get a business bank account quickly if you already have a well-managed personal account. The banking system uses an internal hidden credit score based on the average account balance over the past 90 days to calculate your bank credit. You’ll need at least $10,000 in your company bank account to get a good enough credit score to qualify for a bank loan. Only large banks, such as Wells Fargo and Chase, consider the bank credit score when deciding whether or not to lend to you.

Your EIN and Business Entity

Regardless of whether or not you have employees, your company must have a Federal Tax ID Number (EIN). Your business has an EIN, similar to how you have a Social Security number. Take the time to double-check that your company is identified with the same Tax ID number by all agencies, banks, and trade credit vendors. To receive a free EIN for your business, go to the IRS website and pick a corporate organization, such as a company, LLC, or alliance. You may begin as a sole proprietor, but you’ll eventually want to convert to a company to reduce liability and increase tax gains. Check this for complete business breakdown.

ein for business
DBA
DBA is an abbreviation for doing business as. A DBA is useful when forming a sole proprietorship for a business. A DBA is an assumed business name that is used when registering your company. When the name under which a corporation operates differs from its legal name, that’s a DBA that must be registered. Some states mandate that business owners create a DBA to protect their customers. If your current company is not a legal corporation, you cannot choose a name that implies your company is an LLC. A DBA does not change the ownership or liability of a partnership or sole proprietorship. A DBA can help with banking and branding, but the business owner’s assets are still vulnerable to lawsuits and creditors. One reason a company might want to set up a DBA is to grow its interest in new products, services, or brands. Another reason is that an unregistered business, such as a single proprietorship or partnership, wants to use a name different from their own. The primary advantage of a DBA is that it allows formal company entities to create many brands or lines of business under one LLC or company. Instead of changing the main legal business name, a DBA might rebrand an LLC or corporation. DBA filings for a corporation or LLC frequently necessitate proof of good standing.
It is critical that the corporation or LLC owns the DBA. Don’t own the DBA in your personal name.
SIC and NAICS Codes
Lenders see specific industries as particularly risky. If the company happens to fall under one of these categories, you can face automatic loan rejections. At the very least, you can face more stringent underwriting, higher premiums, and fewer favorable conditions. Lenders determine what market the company is in depending on a few factors. They start by looking at your company’s code, which may be a SIC or NAICS code. You must figure out a way to prevent automatic denials depending on the sector code or company name while still being truthful. Integrity is crucial, and lack of it can result in potential denials and even criminal charges.
Since the list changes, you can look it up yourself by searching online, “High Risk NAIC Codes.”
Restricted Industries That Trigger an Auto-Refusal
High Risk Industries

SIC Codes

Business classification systems use Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). The US government assigns companies a four-digit number. The use of SIC codes makes it possible to pinpoint a company’s main operation. This code is used by lenders to determine the nature of a company’s operation. The SIC code system was developed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The first four digits signify the general industry of a business. For example, 8711 refers to Engineering Services. Then, the numbers are added to the end of this four-digit chain to make it more specific by industry and activity.
Standard Industrial Classification codes

NAICS Codes

A more modern company classification system is the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). It is used to identify corporate institutions as well as to compile, interpret, and report statistical data about the US economy. Since SIC codes are more precise, there could be several SIC codes for each NAICS code. While the plan is to fully switch to the NAICS system, many industries still use the old SIC system.

SIC CODES, D&B AND THE IRS

D&B uses SIC because the IRS uses SIC. D&B sells information to the IRS. Don’t lie on a business credit application on any issue, including business revenue. The IRS buys data from D&B and compares it to the revenue reporting on the company return. If the amount reported on the D&B report is higher than what’s reported to the IRS, the business may be flagged for audit. So, don’t lie to the IRS or to D&B. Anything reported to D&B may be reported to the IRS.

Incorporating Your Business

Any business can establish initial business credit. Your company must be a distinct legal entity, not a sole proprietorship or corporation if you wish to separate business and personal credit. You think you are doing business, but you are not a business unless you are incorporated. The length of time it takes to integrate your company varies. Submitting a proposal online would be quicker in general. Articles of Incorporation are required in most cases. You'll almost certainly need to employ a business solicitor if you want them drafted easily and accurately.

DUNS Number

A DUNS number from Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) is required to establish business credit. A business credit report is produced when a DUNS number has three or more recorded payments. Within 30 days, Dun & Backstreet's free product will give you a DUNS number. If you need a DUNS number quickly, you'll have to pay $229 to get a DUNS number in five business days or less. Credit reporting is included for DUNSFile and CreditSignal for $229, but only for the D&B enterprise credit ratings. You'll also get updates anytime your credit score changes, as well as a comprehensive D&B company credit log.

Aged Shelf Companies

You can make money by selling your goods and services with trust, reputation, and stability when you start a business with the help of an existing shelf company. Your company will have immediate access to consumers who would not otherwise purchase from you. Since you won't have to wait for your company or LLC to mature, you'll save time. You will reduce the amount of work you put in to achieve business goals and the amount of stress you have over your company. You will also minimize the possibility of company loss by improving the ability to close sales, raise earnings, and bargain contracts.
personal guarantee consequences

Personal Guarantee

A personal guarantee should be avoided, but this is not always possible. Personal guarantees are classified as limited or unlimited. Whenever possible, try to negotiate for limited personal guarantees. Under unlimited personal guarantees, business owners are liable for the entire loan amount, including any associated legal fees, if the borrower fails to repay their debt. Limited personal guarantees set a limit on how much the business owners can owe in the event of a default. A personal guaranteed loan should be included in your company’s credit record. Signing a personal guarantee is less risky if the firm is steady and you know it will be able to cover the debt. You must be willing to take a hit if the business fails without jeopardizing your financial stability. Personal guarantees are an important part of properly leveraging your credit profile, but as your business credit improves, do everything you can to avoid them.

Step 2: Your Business Credit Reports.

Business Credit Reports

When starting to build business credit, it is a smart move to obtain your company’s credit reports to see what is being published. You should also raise any inaccuracies in these files with the appropriate authorities. Experian Commercial, Dun & Bradstreet, and Equifax Commercial all have business credit reports. These reports vary from consumer credit reports in presentation and logistics, so thoroughly search them to determine your company’s risk.
business credit stats
prevent loan denials

Business Credit Reports

Business Credit Reports list details on payments the business has made for each account, full payment record, upper credit limit, how much the business owner currently owes on each account, how much is past due, account terms, when the account was reported and updated, payment details for each account, payment patterns, current assets, liabilities, working capital, net worth, and sales.

How to Prevent Declines

The most common reason for denial is that no business credit has been created. There is no need for business owners to have a basis for rejection. Since having no proven business credit will result in failing ratings, even one account monitoring will result in a good business credit score. Obtaining a business credit report will help you get accepted for loans, and paying your bills on time will help you create a positive credit score. The interest rates you will pay are determined by your company credit score. Company credit rates are calculated in the same manner as consumer credit rates are, with strong credit ratings deciding interest rates.

Experian

For a copy of your Smart Business survey, which costs about $49-99, go to http://www.smartbusinessreports.com/. Check to see how many trade lines are reporting, whether you have a business credit score, if you have an active Experian Business Profile, and if there have been any new inquiries.

Equifax

Your Equifax Small Business Credit Report is available for order at http://www.equifax.com/small-business/credit-report/en sb. Equifax normally takes longer to build a register than D&B and Experian; this is why it is crucial to initially apply to credit companies who report to Equifax.

Dun & Bradstreet

Obtaining a Dun & Bradstreet number (DUNS #) kicks off the process of creating a credit profile. Your DUNS number, which you can get for free at http://www.dnb.com/, allows your company to borrow without a personal guarantee. D&B will charge you $2,000 or more for “rolling” this into a kit. You may also sign up for DNBi SelfMonitor to keep track of your credit as it’s being developed. D&B Self Monitoring subscriptions range from $39 to $99 a month.

dun and bradsheet credit reports

Business Credit Scoring Factors

Business credit scoring factors are primarily based on payment history. Personal credit has five different components:
Payment history
35%
Utilization
30%
Credit mix
10%
Length of Credit History
15%
Accumulation of new credit
10%
These numbers are significant as attempting to improve one aspect of FICO will lower another aspect. It is very difficult to obtain decent personal credit scores when attempting to boost one aspect negatively affects another. Because of this, you usually cannot obtain a credit score over 800 until you are in your late 40s. Company credit, on the other hand, is largely focused on payment history. The way you pay decides your ranking with D&B.
Expect payment may come early
100
Payment is prompt
80
Payment comes 14 days beyond terms
70
Payment comes 21 days beyond terms
60
Payment comes 30 days beyond terms
50
Payment comes 60 days beyond terms
40
Payment comes 90 days beyond terms
30
Payment comes 120 days beyond terms
20
If you open business credit accounts and report to credit bureaus like D&B, Equifax, and Experian while paying your bills on time, you’ll create a decent credit score that will help you obtain future approvals.

Read and Understand Your Reports

Consumer credit assessments are not the same as business credit reports. The bulk of studies have five different risk ratings on them, each measuring risk in different ways. The PAYDEX score, which is somewhat distinct from user ratings, is the most important in the business world. It is focused entirely on payment history.

PAYDEX Score

This is D&B’s dollar-weighted numerical rating of a company’s bill-paying results over the previous year. This score is determined by D&B based on trade interactions recorded by different vendors. PAYDEX scores range from 1-100. The higher the ranking, the greater the payment efficiency. PAYDEX scores reflect a company’s willingness to pay its bills on schedule.

What Influences Your PAYDEX Score?

Larger bills are given more weight in the estimate. Your PAYDEX score calculates dollar-weighted average days to pay by using data from D&B Global Trade Exchange Participants. According to D&B, businesses should use their PAYDEX score as a risk assessment. D&B collects payment interactions from retailers and distributors with whom a company does business. Each experience is unique and represents how bills are handled concerning the terms agreed upon. The PAYDEX score is based on up to 875 payment experiences, with up to 80 representative payment experiences recorded in the company credit sheet.

PAYDEX Numbers

D&B has created risk categories to make it easier to translate a PAYDEX Score into understandable risk groups:
PAYDEX 80-100
Low risk of late payment
PAYDEX 50-79
Moderate risk of late payment
PAYDEX 0-49
High risk of late payment
Based on changes to your PAYDEX, D&B takes a proactive approach to notify you when a change in your score is bringing you closer to a different risk category.

Improving Your PAYDEX Score

It is beneficial to confront any concerns with your PAYDEX ranking head-on. As a result, if the company is consistently late for bills, you’ll need to fix problems with organization and time management. Your business may need to find an accountant or make a minor change to resolve this issue, such as scheduling bill payment alerts on your computer. Since PAYDEX Scores are dollar-weighted, paying the larger bills first gets you more value for your buck. Since your PAYDEX Score represents patterns, you will support your company by establishing and keeping to a payment schedule.

D&B Business Information Reports

The cheapest report to get a snapshot of the company’s financial stability is a Corporate Information Report, which currently costs $139.99. A Customer Details Report can be obtained for your company or a company that you are considering doing business with. A D&B Market Details Summary provides trade fees, trade line specifics with dollar sums and terminology, legal activities, company events (including ownership and management), a company family tree with ownership specifics, and a PAYDEX Ranking. A Risk Appraisal Review is also contained in a Business Intelligence Study. The overall credit recommendation, the company’s PAYDEX ratings, Delinquency Predictor percentile, Financial Stress percentile, and Supplier Evaluation probability are all shown in a Risk Assessment Summary.

Monitoring Your D&B Credit Scores and Reports

Credit records for companies aren’t necessarily reliable. Many of the big credit monitoring organizations, including D&B, are devoted to consistency. However, unless you check your company credit records, you would not be aware of any mistakes. CreditMonitor, which costs $39 a month, will monitor your company credit reports for D&B. To purchase a business credit monitor, visit dnb.com/products/small-business/credit-monitor.html.

 

Your best bet at Experian is the Enterprise Credit Advantage Membership Package, which costs $189 a year. To purchase a Business Credit Advantage Subscription Plan, visit sbcr.experian.com/pdp.aspx?pg=Sample&link.

 

At Equifax, you would use Equifax Complete, which currently costs $19.95 per month after an offer of 30 days for $4.95. To purchase Equifax Complete, visit equifax.com/equifax-complete/Equifax.

Correcting Your D&B Credit Scores and Reports

If errors are lowering your PAYDEX score, correcting those errors will improve your PAYDEX score. Get a Business Information Report from D&B at: dnb.com/products/small-business/business-information-report-snapshot.html. If there are any errors or the information is missing after updating the Business Information Report, correct the related information, you can do this at: dnb.com/duns-number/view-update-company-credit-file.html

Disputing Issues With Your D&B Credit Scores and Reports

Without verification, D&B will not adjust your company credit scores. When it comes to disputing company credit audit mistakes, you’ll have to submit a paper note that includes duplicates of all invoice proofs. Receipts and canceled checks are examples of these records. Originals can never be mailed; instead, submit copies and keep the originals in a safe place. Fixing credit report mistakes also entails spelling out any charges you want to dispute in detail. Ensure that the disagreement is as straightforward as possible. When you do send something in the mail, use certified mail so that you have evidence that the dispute was sent. Create a list of the topics you’re talking about within your paper. D&B wants you to incorporate payment experiences by D&B Customer Service. D&B’s Customer Service contact number can be found at: dandb.com/glossary/paydex.

Step 3: Get Approved for Vendor Credit.

There are Five Ways Build Business Credit:

Credit Line Hybrid

The first step in creating business credit is to apply for a credit line combination, which is a form of business credit that needs a personal guarantee and a credit check. The advantage of a credit line mix is that it allows you to get high-limit credit lines with no dock, no cash flow check, and no leverage. The company credit rating agencies receive credit line hybrid reports. You will create initial business credit with real money and get credit lines of up to $150,000 for 18 months at 0% interest. Startup firms and credit partners are invited to apply. You will get enterprise and regular credit cards with financing free roll-in with Credit Line Hybrid.

ways to build business
D&B Credit Profile
D&B Credibility only provides one way to begin a company credit profile, and they will want to persuade you that it is the only way, even though it isn’t. They’ll charge you up to $2,000 to add tradelines to your credit report based on your new debtors. These are time-consuming and only report to D&B. They choose what should and cannot be included, and the bulk of the time, they are unable to do so. They won’t consider bank credit, mortgages, rent, mobile phone bills, or utility bills. You don’t get any additional credit; only the same creditors are added.
Unsecured Business Financing
With unsecured business financing, you get to use your decent personal credit on a personal guarantee, and you get physical cash credit cards like Visa, MasterCard, or AMEX. Unsecured company lending helps you borrow up to $150,000 at 0% interest for 6 to 18 months. You’ll get five to eight actual credit lines that will be reported to the company credit bureaus. Guarantees and new companies are encouraged to apply.
Credit Suite Monitoring
Credit Suite’s tracking software helps you connect current accounts to your Experian credit secure company credit records, such as electricity, water, power, electric, mobile phone, and internet. This is a newer and easier way to connect accounts you already have, and it works very well when paired with vendor credit.

Vendor Credit Accounts

Vendors are another choice for establishing initial business credit. Vendors are loan issuers who offer net terms. When you buy goods from a trade vendor, they will report on your business credit. About 97% of trade vendors are not registered with credit reporting agencies. When you don’t have any business credit, it’s critical to locate vendors who report to business credit reporting agencies. Use start-up vendors like Quill, Grainger, and Uline Strategic Network Solutions to get started. These businesses will then report to the corporate credit rating services, allowing you to obtain trade lines.
vendor credit approval steps
starters approved vendor credit

True Starter Vendors

Laughlin Associates

Laughlin oversees regulatory enforcement and configuration. Their parent company is Experian. The only materials needed are your company's 411 listing and EIN. Laughlin has Net 30 terms and records company credit in 30 to 60 days.

Quill Office Supplies

Quill Office Supplies sells company office supplies. Quill reports credit to D&B. If a D&B score has not been created with your company, you must put in an initial order first. You will need to make up to three orders of $50 or more for them to accept you if you have no prior credit history.

Gempler’s/Office Depot

Work supplies and goods are available at Gempler's and Office Depot. They report business credit to D&B. You must first place a $50 order and then choose the "Invoice me" option. They will then pull your credit. If you are not eligible for Net 30 terms, pre-pay for your order and continue to purchase items using the "invoice me" option until you are approved.

Reliable Office Supplies

Reliable Office Supplies is a company that sells office supplies and promotional items. D&B, Experian, and Equifax both receive credit reports from Reputable Office Supplies. Request that the order is invoiced or paid to the company after placing an initial order. They will then take the credit card number. Continue buying and asking to be invoiced or billed if you are not allowed. The higher your order volume, the more likely you are to be accepted for Net 30 terms.

Uline Shipping Supplies

Shipping, packaging, and manufacturing equipment are all available from Uline Shipping Supplies. D&B receives credit reports from Uline. You'll need your DUNS number and two references, as well as a bank reference. To get accepted for Net 30 rates, the first few orders will need to be prepaid.

Strategic Network Solutions

Experian receives customer credit updates from Strategic Network Solutions. A DUNS number, a business license, and an EIN are all required.

Summa Office Supplies

D&B and Equifax submit company credit reports from Summa. To report business credit, Summa requires a $75 minimum purchase. To get approved for business credit, you are required to provide an EIN, business address, business license, business bank account, and a DUNS number.

Supply Works

Supply Works is a part of Home Depot; they provide comprehensive facilities management solutions. To be eligible, you must have a business in good standing with the Secretary of State, an EIN with the IRS, a business address, a DUNS number, a business license, a business bank account, and bank references. There is no minimum time in business requirement. Virtual addresses aren't supported by this company. Supply Works reports to Experian with Net 30 terms. Apply online or by phone.

Wells Fargo

Wells Fargo offers a protected credit card that will help you establish credit for your company.

Behalf

Behalf provides funding for their clients. Experian, Equifax, and D&B will receive company credit reports from Behalf.

Marathon

Marathon Petroleum Company sells automotive fuels, asphalt, and niche goods throughout the United States. Their extensive product portfolio is used to finance manufacturing, agricultural, and retail activities. This card provides information to Dun & Bradstreet, Experian, and Equifax. Before applying for several accounts with WEX Fleet Cards, allow ample time between applications so that the account is not flagged as fraudulent. To qualify, you must have an agency in good faith with the Secretary of State, an EIN with the IRS, an SSN, a business address that matches everywhere, a DUNS number, a business license, a business bank account, a business phone number, and a 411 listing. Marathon will forward your credit records to their credit department if they are interested. If you have been in business for less than a year, you can use a $500 deposit instead of a personal pledge. Marathon has Net 15 terms available. Apply online at marathonbrand.com

76

76 is owned by Phillips 6 Company. They have over 1800 gas station locations across the United States. This card provides information to Dun & Bradstreet, Experian, and Equifax. This card is valid at any p66, 76, or Conoco gas station. To apply, you must have an agency in good standing with the Secretary of State, an EIN with the IRS, an SSN, a business address that matches everywhere, a DUNS number, a business license, a business bank account, a business phone number, and a 411 listing. If they are interested, 76 will submit your credit details to their credit department. If you have been in business for less than a year, you can use a $500 deposit instead of a personal pledge. 76 offers net 15 terms. Apply online at 76fleet.com.

WEX Fleet Card

Wrights Express (WEX Card) has universal fleet cards, heavy truck cards, and enterprise fleet cards that are widely accepted. These cards have features that benefit small companies, such as a loyalty scheme. Until applying for several WEX Fleet Cards accounts, make sure you have ample time between applications. This way, they won’t tag your account as fraudulent. This card provides information to Dun & Bradstreet, Experian, and Equifax. To apply, you must have an agency in good faith with the Secretary of State, an EIN with the IRS, an SSN, a business address that matches everywhere, a DUNS number, a business license, a business bank account, a business phone number, and a 411 listing. If they are interested, 76 will submit your credit details to their credit department. If you have been in business for less than a year, you can use a $500 deposit instead of a personal pledge. Net 15 (WEX Fleet Card), Net 26, and rotating terms are available (WEX Flex Card). Apply online at wexinc.com/solutions/fleet-management.

Credit Tiers.

Vendor Credit Tier

Vendors are loan issuers who have net terms. Some vendors will request your EIN or 411 details. Use start-up vendors like Quill, Grainger, and Uline Strategic Network Solutions. You can get business credit from these firms and use it until the bill has been paid and the item has been delivered. These businesses then report to business credit bureaus, allowing you to obtain trade lines. You will be eligible to earn additional credit once you gain more payment experience. A vendor that reports to one company credit agency counts as one payment experience, while a vendor that reports to three agencies counts as three. You’ll be able to build credit more easily and successfully this way.
vendor credit tier types

Retail Credit Tier

You can advance to the Retail Credit Tier if you have five or more payment impressions. This can be accomplished in 60 to 90 days. You can build retail credit with stores such as Best Buy, Amazon, Apple, Costco, and others at this point to buy electronics and supplies for your company.

Fleet Credit Tier

Fleet credit has many similarities with vendor and store credit. Fleet credit is used to buy fuel, repair, and maintain vehicles of any type, including taxis, trucks, buses, and company cars. These vehicles may be used for logistics as well as transportation of goods and passengers. To hit the Fleet Credit Tier, you’ll need to record ten to fifteen payment experiences. You’ll need at least one account with a $10,000 cap and a paydex score of 75, showing that you pay your bills on time. You can pay for gas and repairs during this stage. You’ll be buying from BP, Conoco, and Shell if you’re on the fleet credit stage. Shell, for example, reports to D&B and Experian, so a Paydex score of 78 and a 411 company listing are needed.

National Funding

With national aid, you can obtain equipment finance for commercial truck leasing and financing. Loans up to $150,000 are available. The minimum time in business requirement is 6 months. A vendor quote for equipment and a personal credit score of at least 575 is also required for approval. Apply online at www.nationalfunding.com/industries/loans/trucking-business. Leasing is another choice for auto repair financing. Six months in business is required, as well as a vendor quote for equipment and a personal credit score of at least 620. Apply online at nationalfunding.com/industries/leasing-financing/automotive-repair-equipment.

Kabbage

Truckers can apply for loans via Kabbage. Loans of up to $250,000 are available. One year in business and more than $50,000 in annual sales are required. Apply online at www.kabbage.com/truck-driver-loans.

Cash Credit Tier

Crossroads Equipment Lease & Finance, LLC

Crossroads Equipment provides funding for freight equipment. Loans of up to $750,000 are available. Poor credit is not an issue and approval can be obtained in as little as 24 hours. Apply online at https://crlease.com/transportation-equipment-financing.

Cash Credit Tier

Continue to create credit above these tiers through exchange accounts. Open exchange accounts for all of the suppliers with whom you routinely do business. You should aim for 10-14 exchange accounts. Utilities may also be useful if they disclose business credit. With fifteen or more reporting accounts, you can hit the Cash Credit Tier. You will get better rates from credit cards such as Visa, MasterCard, and American Express because they don’t need a personal guarantee or a credit check.

Responsible Credit Management

You must pay your bills on time to manage your credit responsibly. Paying in full improves the company’s credit score better than anything else. When you have fifteen or more accounts, you can move up to the cash loan rate, where you can get credit cards with a personal guarantee or a credit check. Business credit ratings are largely determined by timely bill payments.

The Wrong Way to Get Business Credit Tradelines

Tradelines are credit lines that provide information to Business Credit Bureaus. Account data such as the date opened, payment history, credit history, account balance, and date reported makeup tradelines. One tradeline corresponds to one reported account. Tradelines are individual records of your available credit lines, which is why utilities normally do not report. Tradelines are used to establish your creditworthiness for other types of credit. If the tradeline is not used, they may cease reporting to business credit bureaus. A few tradelines that report business credit include vendor credit lines, business credit cards, bank credit cards, vehicle loans, and installment loans. If you use tradelines, you can quickly establish credit; however, there will be no data to report if you do not have a payment history. Tradelines can report to any of the three major commercial credit bureaus: Dun & Bradstreet, Experian, and Equifax. Because not all tradelines report to each bureau, having a credit-building strategy is critical.

Misconceptions About Business Credit

WRONG: An EIN creates a business credit profile

An EIN does not establish a corporate credit profile. You must verify and register your information with all three commercial credit bureaus. To have a credit profile, you must also have reporting accounts.

WRONG: Making business payments automatically results in a good credit score.

Most business payments are unrelated to credit accounts. 97% of accounts do not report to credit bureaus.

WRONG: You should apply for additional accounts as soon as you are accepted for your first.

You should wait for your accounts to report before moving on to the next credit tier. Through waiting, you can acquire better account alternatives, better terms, and easier qualifications.

WRONG: Good Paydex and credit ratings guarantee approval from all creditors

Good Paydex and credit scores do not ensure lender approval. Scores simply tell a lender whether or not to evaluate your credit.

WRONG: Business credit is built the same way as personal credit.

Business credit is not developed in the same manner that personal credit is; both are entirely different processes. Secured cards are far less effective than gaining fast access to credit lines. Vehicle finance is only accessible after you have established your credit; there are no starter vehicle financing choices available.

WRONG: Business credit is only useful for net vendor credit lines

Business credit offers additional advantages than simply establishing net vendor credit lines. You can acquire access to thousands of dollars in credit with business credit through revolving vendor accounts, business credit cards, vehicle finance, bank loans, and lines of credit.
There are net and revolving payment options available.

misunderstanding about business credit
Piggybacking Tradelines

Piggybacking tradelines is a technique that involves seasoned tradelines. Creditworthy accounts are used to help an unconnected third party’s credit. They do not, however, furnish the third party with materials such as credit cards or account details for them to make charges against that account. As a result, it seems like they have already been accepted for higher limit revolving accounts. In theory, demonstrating that you already have credit should make you more creditworthy for higher limit accounts.

 

Because business credit is linked to your business information, it does not appear on your business credit record when registered under a different business. Underwriters can search Authorized User accounts based on a company’s age, activity, and relevancy. One tradeline that you will be unable to use could cost you up to $2,000. In these types of schemes, the FBI has concluded that the tradeline company may be a forgery and the primary cardholder may be a stolen identity.

 

If you spend money to raise your credit scores without performing any of the work, you may be misleading potential investors about your creditworthiness. When you acquire a tradeline, the seller will do a credit check because they want to make sure they are paid. D&B, for example, will affect whether you purchased tradelines sooner or later. If a tradeline sales organization conducts a credit report inquiry, D&B will discover fraud. The process of shutting down your tradelines is only the beginning. D&B will flag your whole profile, terminate any legitimate and fraudulent deals, and you will lose any time or money you believed you had gained.

Shelf Corporations
Shelf corporations are companies that were founded and then set aside to mature.
CPNs
CPN is an abbreviation for Credit Privacy Number or Credit Profile Number. A CPN is a nine-digit number that resembles a Social Security Number (SSN). CPNs are for customers, not for the company. They are not a substitute for credit or identity. Banks and the federal government do not recognize CPNs. Federal and banking requirements demand that you apply with your Social Security number. It is prohibited to use a CPN to apply for credit at a bank. Acceptable business assets include checking and savings accounts, SBA loans, and bank loans.

Why Was My Loan Application Denied?

Most People Fail at Obtaining Money to Grow Their Business
All companies need funds, so how do you treat a bank loan rejection as an entrepreneur? More specifically, how can you deter such a thing from happening again? Many entrepreneurs go straight to the bank when they need money to expand their company. However, they are unaware that their company credentials, not their credit, will be used to obtain financing. They are still unaware that there are opportunities to improve their odds of obtaining a business loan.
The Chances of Getting a Bank Loan are Not Great
According to a new NAV study, 45% of small business owners who are refused loans are turned down several times. According to a 2017 Federal reverse bank survey, 65% of all applicants to major banks with medium to high credit risk were rejected, and these denials are on the increase. In November 2018, over 73% of all small business loan applications to major banks were rejected. Of course, after the pandemic, conditions were much worse.
There Are Many Reasons for a Business Loan Denial
Your investor wants to make sure you will repay them. If you don’t have business credit, they will search for collateral, personal credit, and cash flow to define the firm. Loan denials are essentially dependent on a company’s willingness to support itself. Fundability refers to a company’s ability to obtain financing. You can make it more difficult or easy for your company to obtain funding.

How Did Small Businesses Make Up Their Funding Shortfalls?

76% of companies facing financial problems used personal funds to close the void. To fill the gap, almost half of all small businesses took on more loans, made late payments, and downsized activities. None of these choices is a good long-term solution.

Not getting Funding Can Mean a Business Will Fail

Cash management problems account for more than four out of five small business failures. About half of all businesses collapse when there is no need for their products or services. More than a fifth of small companies collapse due to a lack of funds. A company begins with no corporate credit profile. As a result, what is on an application is the only one that is considered for consideration, so the application must be very impressive. The majority of companies collapse within the first ten years of service, but yours does not have to be one of them.

Lenders Use Data to Decide on your Application

Credit lenders gather data from a wide range of sites and don’t warn you about any of them. Knowing what these hidden sources are testing would only profit you. Knowing what matters most makes having a loan a lot smoother so you’ll know where to focus your energy first. This knowledge may mean the difference between acceptance and rejection.

Loan Deal Killers

1. Your Business Seems to be Too Risky

Putting the name of their industry in their business’s name is a common mistake new entrepreneurs make that can lead to denials. You should never put the name of a high-risk or restricted industry in your business name if it can be avoided. There is nothing dishonest about having a broad business title. Some restricted industries include oil trading, finance companies, pawnshops, ammunition or weapons manufacturing, bail bonds, check cashing industries, political campaigns, and entertainment industries. While leaving a high-risk industry out of your business name does not guarantee success, it will get your business past an initial red flag for bank loan denials.

2. Records Consistency

One of the most common reasons for loan and credit card denials is the lender's inability to find the company's website online. The business name and address on your application must match what is listed online and with the Secretary of State, even minor information like hyphens and abbreviations. Lenders interpret inconsistencies in facts as theft. Check that the company's records are consistent with all documents, including business reports, certificates, utility bills, bank accounts, and web listings. Bear in mind that a full business name should contain all recorded DBA filings in use, but a DBA may be used as a shortcut to incorporation.

3. Issues With Your EIN, SIC and NAICS Codes, Corporate Entity, and Licenses

Verify that your entity is licensed in the same state as your business address to escape needless red flags from lenders. On the IRS website, you will choose your company entity. Your company must have a Federal Tax ID number, also known as an EIN. Your EIN is needed to open a bank account and create a business credit profile. Take the time to ensure that your company is identified with the same Tax ID number by all agencies, banks, and trade credit vendors. Be honest when choosing these codes for your business, but there’s no reason to choose the riskiest code if a less risky code might apply. Being licensed builds credibility for your business, which can help you get more customers.

4. Business Address Issues

Your company's address must be a physical address of a brick-and-mortar building. Your business address cannot be a home address, a post office box, or a UPS mailing address. Until this condition is met, some lenders may refuse to accept and finance your company. Lenders search with the US Postal Service and blogs like Google Maps to see if you're using a home address. If you are, you will almost certainly be declined right away. If you run your company from home, you can use a virtual address to avoid bank loan denials.

5. Lack of Attention to Business Phone Numbers and 411 Listings

Lenders consider an 800 or toll-free number to be a representation of a company's reputation. Particularly if you are a home-based business owner, a toll-free number gives the appearance that you are a larger organization. Setting up a virtual phone number or toll-free 800 number is extremely convenient and inexpensive. Many credit issuers and lenders will not accept you until the company is listed with 411. If you don't have a record, use ListYourself.net to get one.

6. Non-Professional Website and Email

Lenders will research your corporation on the internet and it is best if they learned everything directly from your business website. The lack of a business website will significantly jeopardize any hopes of securing a loan. Use websites like TemplateMonster.com and Upwork.com to get a website built quickly and cheaply. You can also purchase a website domain from a provider such as GoDaddy. If appropriate, your website domain should be a company name.

7. Business Bank Account Carelessness

When first opening up and working with your business bank account, you always need to be looking towards the future of bank loans. Being cautious of your business bank account is important for preparing your company for competitive bank loan approvals. Lenders deem the day you open your business bank account to be the launch of your business. When applying for bank loans, you should maintain a $10,000 average in your business bank account for at least three months to obtain a Low-5 rating. This way, most conventional banks view your corporation as fundable.

8. Not Getting Your Personal Financial House in Order

You must have strong personal, business, and bank credit to qualify for a business loan from a traditional bank. If your credit is in disarray, you should get it in order and correct any flaws. A strong personal credit score will help your company get started faster. Payment history, use, credit mix, and duration of credit history all relate to personal credit ratings. As a result, it is important for you as an entrepreneur to pay your bills on time, avoid maxing out credit cards, hold more than one form of credit card, and avoid closing old accounts or continually searching for new cards.

9. No Business Credit

Your company, like you, has its credit. It is a test of the company's ability to pay its bills. If you do not develop credit for your company, your scores will be poor or nonexistent, destroying your chances of obtaining a bank loan. To begin creating business credit, go to D&B's website and check for your company's Duns number: dnb.com/duns-number. If you can't locate your business, receive a free DUNS number. A PAYDEX score is calculated using your DUNS number and three purchase impressions. Once the organization is in D&B's scheme, scan Equifax and Experian's websites for it. Another identifiable number is a BIN (Business Identification Number). Experian’s BizSource assigns a BIN. A business also must be listed with CRAs to establish business credit.

10. Poor Business Credit

It is not enough to simply obtain your ID numbers; you must also actively create business credit. However, you cannot begin with Visa and Mastercard; instead, you must begin with vendors such as Uline. Pay the taxes on time if you want to get the best financing. This would result in a PAYDEX score of 80, and Equifax Credit Risk Score of 90 or higher, and a decent FICO SBSS score. The payment efficiency of your organization is more important than anything else. Check the consistency and completeness of all company CRA listings.

Where do Lenders Pull Business Data?

LexisNexis

Many of the lenders who refuse loan applications get their details from LexisNexis. LexisNexis details are compared to what you put on your loan application by lenders. LexisNexis employs a patented connecting system that links all of your records, both positive and negative. LexisNexis Reports include: Every home you’ve ever owned including value and sale prices; Building materials for your home; HOA info such as beds, baths, and roofing; AC Units; Deeds and mortgages; Title companies; Interest rates; Loan amounts, terms, and loan types; Every phone number and email you’ve ever had; All licenses, firearms, mortgages, and violations; Traffic tickets, felonies, misdemeanors, sex offender records; Name variations; Marriage and divorce records; Every vehicle owned including VIN; Every insurance policy you’ve ever had; Every business you’ve been associated with; Family information including children; Loans and leases; Aircraft and boat owner records; Public records including bankruptcies, judgments lawsuits; Education information including degrees, schools, dates attended and graduated; Military records; Online marketing records, and short-term credit offer request records.
lexisnexis business details

Small Business Financial Exchange

The SBFE is a non-profit organization that collects input from its participants about small businesses. These details are then used to create a detailed credit report. Lenders use this information to make credit decisions. Any bit of information you’ve ever given in a business application is saved, and if there are any anomalies, your loan application will be rejected. The SBFE gives you a lot more details than just your payment background. The SBFE’s lenders are meticulous. Credit monitoring and LexisNexis get their data from the SBFE. Credit monitoring companies that have collaborated with the SBFE are recognized as Accredited Vendors. Equifax, Experian, Dun & Bradstreet, and LexisNexis Risk Solutions are the SBFE’s only Certified Vendors so far.

Membership in the SBFE

SBFE participants include small business lenders and various forms of firms. They give the SBFE their commercial output info, which is kept private and not used for marketing purposes. The SBFE then normalizes this detail so that they can render more precise comparisons. Anyone who has the opportunity to disclose details about their small business loans to the SBFE is entitled to participate. Doing business with trade partners can be helpful, but it can also be detrimental if performed inappropriately. When you do business with SBFE representatives, you minimize the possibility of not being able to secure business credit. For more information, visit: sbfe.org/small-business-resources

SBFE Members (Lenders and Credit Providers)

The SBFE includes some of the most well-known credit suppliers and lenders. American Express, Bank of America, Online Lender Foundation, and Wells Fargo are among them. The SBFE tracks data contribution consistency and guarantees provider compliance. D&B, Equifax, Experian, and LexisNexis are among the four participants that have been certified. These organizations use SBFE to create vulnerability offerings that are only open to participants.

Certified Vendors

Credit providers are firms that have collaborated with the Small Business Loan Exchange to offer credit to small businesses. The SBFE data that credit vendors collect is circulated. They do this by developing credit check products based on the information offered by the Small Business Finance Exchange. Credit vendors then report the information to representatives who are searching for a credit report on an organization that is listed. Lenders have access to other credit institutions, so they obtain access to the vendor’s records when they enter the SBFE and use one of these credit vendors. Additionally, they obtain information from the Small Business Finance Exchange’s records.
how lenders get business stats

SBA Members and Data Products
Members will buy data-driven products from the SBFE. These products are manufactured and sold by SBFE Accredited Vendors. These goods are then used to make credit decisions. They are also used to track portfolios. For more information, visit: sbfe.org/certified-vendors

Why Should Merchant Acquirers Become Members?

By enhancing a merchant’s risk control capacity, SBFE data will help them price their offerings more effectively. They’d be able to see recent loan activities as well as a merchant’s debt status. Without the use of SBFE data-driven products, early warning signals that a retailer may be in financial difficulty may go unnoticed. Merchants may use SBFE data-driven products to validate the life of a small business. It is possible to obtain information from one of the largest archives of commercial data in the United States, including name, address, and contact information. For more information, visit: sbfe.org/membership/merchant-acquirers

What Kind of Data Do They Have on a Business?

Identifying details such as the company name, DUNS number, EIN, address, and NAICS code is available to merchants. Positive and negative payment documents, credit account caps, lease payment histories, and credit card payment history are all open to retailers.

How the Small Business Finance Exchange Can Help Your Business
The SBFE can assist you in establishing company credit by doing business with SBFE members. Then you know the correct information is being recorded. Positively reported information establishes creditworthiness in the corporate world. The SBFE may also assist you in expanding your market. Better market credit opens up more possibilities to acquire funds that can be used to extend and grow the venture. The information provided by SBFE about your business could lead to funding opportunities that would not have been possible otherwise. Clients who are given credit will assist you in making better loan decisions.
Which Actions Can a Business Take?
As a small enterprise, you are responsible for your credit. You have complete control of the information that appears on your business credit sheet. You can pay your bills on time daily, do business with SBFE affiliates, and encourage companies you do business with to join the SBFE. You can access the SBFE if you are licensed, but you cannot self-report your results. If you are missing in that field, joining the SBFE will help you make smarter credit choices for your company and add more credit. Obtaining dealer credit, obtaining business credit cards, filing for Credit Line Hybrid, and tracking your business credit details are all examples of business credit behavior.
Why Does the Information from the SBFE and LexisNexis Matter to Lenders?
This detail is used by lenders to double-check loan applications. They’re checking to see if their loan requirements are being met. They’re just looking to see how what you say on the application lines up with the documents, as well as how likely your company is to fail.
Records Congruency
Maintain accuracy with the reports to prevent credit lender denials. LexisNexis and the SBFE are scrutinizing everything, so be sure the documents fit otherwise you’ll be denied due to theft, this is how lenders view discrepancies. This is a source of denials that lies in the hands of the company owner. You have the opportunity to modify and amend this condition. This means your IRS records, Dun & Bradstreet, Experian, and Equifax records, all permits required to manage the company, and incorporation papers must all have the same name, address, and phone number. To make sure that the information is right, copy and paste it.

Startup Business Loans

To receive a business loan, you generally need cash flow, credit, and collateral. Startup companies almost seldom have all three of these things. Businesses in their early stages may not have a significant cash flow. A new business owner may have excellent personal credit, but the company does not yet have its credit profile. For a startup business, collateral is the best way to get business loans.

5 Tips For Getting a Startup Business Loan

To begin, understand your choices depending on your qualifications. Then, properly establish your company. Don’t underestimate the significance of having a business plan. Don’t disregard your company’s credit score. Finally, if you desire extra assistance, consult with a business credit professional.

1. What Are Your Options for a Startup Business Loan?

Your options for startup business financing are determined by your company's eligibility. If your startup business is in the unusual situation of having strong credit, collateral, and a positive cash flow, you will most likely be able to obtain all of the money you require. However, this is not the case for the majority of new businesses. The most likely situation is that you can qualify for a small company starting loan using collateral.

2. Set Up Your Business the Correct Way

How you establish your firm might make or break your prospects of obtaining a business loan. The greatest time to address this issue is in the early phases of your startup. You require business contact information that is consistent across all listings. You will need an EIN to incorporate your business. Finally, your company should have a separate corporate bank account. A company with all of these components is known as a fundable foundation, however, these requirements are only a small part of what influences overall fundability.

3. Do Not Underestimate the Importance of a Business Plan

A great business plan will pique a lender's interest. Lenders need to know that you've done your research and have a plan for how to spend your company's money. With a good business plan, loan application denials can be easily avoided.

4. Don’t Ignore Your Business Credit Score

A business credit score assists a lender in determining a company's creditworthiness. Regardless of your credit score, a great business credit score may assist you to acquire a business loan. Unlike personal credit, your business credit score does not grow on its own; you must work diligently to establish it. To separate your business from your credit account, you must incorporate it. When you don't already have a company credit score, it might be tough to find trade accounts that will provide credit and reports.

5. Work With a Business Credit Expert

Seeking the assistance of a business credit expert will benefit your company in a variety of ways. First and foremost, they will assist you in locating the business capital that you are currently eligible for. They can then assist you in analyzing your fundability and suggesting strategies to improve it. A company credit expert can also help you set up a business credit score and locate accounts that report to business credit bureaus.

Small Business Funding Methods.

Traditional types of funding may be difficult for your company to obtain due to different circumstances. This could be because your company is a startup, it operates in a high-risk field, your credit score is poor, or you don’t have any collateral. However, if you’ve been in business for a while, you’re likely to have cash flow, which can assist your company in obtaining capital.

funding methods for small businesses

Without Business Credit, how is Your Company Funded?

For your company to succeed, you’ll need startup and other capital. What would you do if you can’t invest because of the company’s creditworthiness? Several alternatives do not require you to build business credit, but they are riskier and take longer.

Business Funding with Traditional Banks

Bank Loans

An investor will look at your credit and assets if you don’t have any company credit. You would almost definitely be asked to have a personal guarantee, which ensures that your personal belongings, such as your property, will be put at risk. A hard inquiry on your credit report can occur, lowering your FICO score. A bank needs to make money on its investments, so a loan to you would be considered riskier if you don’t have business credit. They expect to be paid back even though they don’t have business credit, so they’re less likely to trust you’ll repay a loan. A lender can compensate for its liability by charging higher interest rates, charging higher fees, and having shorter payment times.

Bank Credit Cards
Universal credit cards, such as MasterCard, are included in bank credit cards. They can be utilized practically everywhere and are frequently associated with reward systems. Revolving credit cards from banks are available. To qualify, you must have at least 14 accounts reporting to business CRAs. There may be a minimum time in business requirement, as well as a minimum number of employees. You’ll start qualifying for bank credit cards as your business credit grows and you’ve been in business for a long time.
Microloans

Microloans are low-interest loans for small businesses. Small and developing businesses with moderate capital requirements and little to no revenue history can apply for these loans. Microloans are smaller than traditional bank loans and range in size from $500 to $50,000. Providers have different terms and conditions. Kiva, for example, does not charge interest. Low- and moderate-income immigrants, women, and other underserved small business owners are eligible for loans from the Opportunity Fund. Any microloan program that piques your attention should have specific restrictions. You can locate a nearby microlender via the Association for Business Opportunity at www.microenterpriseworks.org/.

Business Funding with Cash Flow

how lenders get business stats

Cash Flow Financing

A loan to a firm is backed by the predicted cash flows of the company. The amount of cash that moves in and out of a business in a given period is referred to as cash flow. Cash flow financing, also known as a cash flow loan, relies on generated cash flow to repay the loan. You must have been in business for a few years to qualify for cash flow loans. You may be required to have a specified minimum credit score. You’ll also need to show the lender your historical cash flow and present your accounts receivable and payable so they can figure out how much to lend you.

Merchant Cash Advances

An MCA isn’t exactly a loan; it’s a cash advance based on a company’s credit card sales. A small firm can apply for an MCA and have money deposited into its account in a matter of days. As a result, you can offer Net 30 terms and avoid having to wait a month for payment. A merchant finance program is designed for business owners who accept credit cards and need quick and easy funding. An MCA program is intended to assist you in determining your cash flow as evidenced by your business bank statements. As a result, lenders will not make any time-consuming document requests.

Merchant Lines of Credit

Stores provide merchant lines of credit. These lines of credit can only be used at the store where they were first offered. Amazon, for example, offers credit lines through Marcus by Goldman Sachs. Merchant lines of credit have different terms, and eligibility is often determined by cash flow. These lines of credit may provide customized financing rates for a limited time, for specific products, or a specific amount spent in the store. Payment in full may be required after a certain term, such as a promotional period. Merchant credit cards, unlike typical credit cards, allow borrowers to have a rolling balance and pay interest on it. Borrowers may be offered low or zero percent interest in return for a shorter repayment time.

Peer to Peer (P2P) Lending

Peer-to-peer lending enables individuals to borrow and lend money without the use of a financial institution. P2P platforms connect borrowers and investors more quickly and cheaply than banks. Terms differ not only between platforms but also between risk levels. P2P systems thoroughly assess hazards and disclose them to peer lenders. As a result, your company may be listed on a P2P platform, but it is high risk and will not attract many lenders. In recent years, the number of P2P systems has increased. Before committing, always read the specific guidelines on the website of any P2P network.

Bootstrapping

If you have enough money, you can fund the launch of your company. On average, it takes two to three years for a company to become profitable. Consider emerging industries that would persuade potential customers that they are delivering a required product or service. This could work if you have thousands of dollars floating around and can afford to keep them locked up for years. For more information, visit:
freshbooks.com/hub/startup/how-long-does-it-take-business-to-be-profitable

Business Funding with Collateral

Equipment Leasing
Instead of purchasing equipment for your company, you may also lease it. You will frequently put down less money than you would if you were purchasing the equipment. With an equipment lease, you can negotiate customizable conditions. After your lease expires, it is simple to upgrade your equipment. This is useful if your equipment, such as a computer, suddenly becomes obsolete. With a personal credit score as low as 640, they can approve you for equipment financing and leasing. Lenders will ask for information on the equipment you plan to lease to approve you. To qualify, you will need collateral. They can approve you for up to $10 million in equipment finance after a simple credit check.
Auto Financing
Vehicle financing facilitates the purchase of SUVs, pickup trucks, luxury vehicles, passenger vans, cargo vans, utility vans, dump trucks, or delivery vans by companies. Vehicle financing follows many of the same procedures as personal financing and provides every type of business with the option of purchasing or leasing. As long as you have solid business credit, good personal credit, and a reasonable amount of time in business, your company can finance a vehicle without requiring a personal guarantee. Provide proof that you own a business, such as business licenses, partnership agreements, LLC documents, and articles of incorporation stating that you own at least a 20% ownership in the company.
Account Receivables Financing
Outstanding account receivables can be used as collateral to secure finance for your company. Receivables should be handled by the government or another company. You won’t have to utilize any of your cash flow to accomplish this. Consumer credit is not required for accounts receivable credit lines with rates less than 1%. Get up to 80% of your outstanding receivables accelerated in less than 24 hours. Once the invoice is paid in full, the remaining accounts receivable are released. Factor rates as low as 1.33% are possible. Get a credit line for accounts receivables with rates of less than 1% and no requirement for consumer credit.

Business Funding with Good Personal Credit

Credit Line Hybrid

Unsecured financing is provided by a credit line hybrid. The interest rate on our credit line hybrid is even better than a secured loan. Get access to some of the most generous loan amounts and credit lines available to businesses. With the declared income that reports to the business CRAs, you can get 0% business credit cards. You can also create company credit at the same time, which will allow you to borrow even more money without putting your credit on the line. You’ll need a decent credit score or a guarantor with good credit to get approved for a credit line hybrid. There are no financial requirements. Typically, you can borrow up to five times the amount of your current highest revolving credit limit account, which is up to $150,000.

Personal Credit

It’s a bad idea to use personal credit to finance your company. However, if you don’t have business credit, you will need to try this option. Using your credit for company costs will result in further questions and a higher credit usage rate. Both of these things will hurt your credit score. When your company crashes, as almost a fifth do in the first year, you’ll also owe money on your credit cards for business expenses. You could be out of business for years and still owe money to creditors. For more information, visit: national.biz/2019-small-business-failure-rate-startup-statistics-industry

Bridge Loans

A bridge loan is a short-term loan (up to one year) intended to help a person or corporation get permanent financing or pay off a debt. Bridge loans provide quick financial flow, allowing the user to pay current obligations. The interest rates for bridge loans are relatively high. A term loan program is available through Credit Suite’s Credit Line Hybrid. Once the applicant satisfies the criteria and agrees to a portion of their money being provided in the form of cash term loans, this bridge loan can be added to the credit line hybrid program. There is a set monthly repayment schedule.

 

The Credit Suite program is a multi-account program that requires numerous accounts to prequalify. You can receive anywhere between $25,000 and $300,000 per account applicant. The APR ranges from 7 to 24%, depending on creditworthiness and the terms are chosen, which range from 3,5 to 7 years. You must have a FICO score of at least 680 and an adjusted gross income of at least $35,000 to qualify. Your Debt-to-Income Ratio will determine your pre-qualification.

Business Funding Through Selling a Part of Your Business

Angel Investing

Angel investors are far more relaxed than Venture Capitalists. Angel investors typically spend less and ask for a lower percentage of the company in return for their money. However, you are already sacrificing some of your market leverage in exchange for the cash you require. Angels are people you know well or people you don’t know whether you’re good at networking and can persuade strangers to help you. When you rely on angel investors, you’re relying on them to get some spare cash to invest in your business. As a result, it is unlikely to be a viable choice for many people. When it comes to wages and investments, it helps if the angels are at least middle class. The Federal Reserve reported that over a third of all Americans couldn’t afford a $400 emergency cost before the pandemic. For more information, visit: fool.com/the-ascent/banks/articles/does-average-american-save-money

Equity Crowdfunding
Consider equity crowdfunding if you wish to provide a different type of investment in your company. Equity crowdfunding is the sale of equity by a firm that is not publicly traded on a stock market. This system has only been in place for a little over a decade. Equity crowdfunding differs from rewards-based crowdfunding. Instead, potential investors go to a fundraising portal website to learn about various equity crowdfunding investment options. Equity crowdfunding allows investors to purchase a stake in your company. The amount of capital an individual can invest is limited by their income and net worth. The Securities Act of 1933, Regulation Crowdfunding (17 CFR Part 227), Regulation D Rule 506, and Regulation A+ all apply to equity crowdfunding. Because federal law can be difficult to grasp, it is preferable to contact an attorney that specializes in federal law, specifically securities and companies. A lawyer will also be able to understand any future modifications to these parts of the law.
Venture Capital
Invest capital companies are on the lookout for the next big thing in brand new markets. After all, not long ago, no one would have believed you if you said people would pay to stay at someone else’s house or be pushed around in their car by them. Despite this, Airbnb, Uber, and Lyft are all profitable businesses. Venture capitalists often claim a substantial portion of a company, and you can end up giving up ownership of your company in return for investment. Venture capital investment is not for you if you do not want to do this. Furthermore, Venture Capitalists are only interested in paradigm-shifting companies. They are unlikely to pay attention to an over-the-road trucking firm.
Reward-Based Crowdfunding
If you have a huge personal network, ideally via social media, then reward-based crowdfunding may be the best option for your company. If you do not accomplish your target by the end of the campaign, several crowdfunding services force you to forfeit your funding. Simple businesses may not do as well on these platforms. On crowdfunding websites, artistic pursuits typically perform the best. Because crowdfunding campaigns take time, only try this method of funding if you believe you have a good possibility of success. Depending on the platform you utilize, the terms for crowdfunding will vary. Check to ensure that your platform of choice will allow your industry to collaborate with them.

Business Funding Through Federal Grants and Loans

Government Grants

Grants are generally not repaid, and the number of grants varies greatly. For rural grants, go to the USDA website, and for more local programs, go to grants.gov. Grants usually have very specific requirements. Grants are often given for educational and medical programs, as well as some forms of developmental projects, but they are rarely given for merely running a company. You may have more luck assisting with the development and gentrification of local communities. State and municipal grants also focus on community and urban planning. States and cities can provide grants to help new companies get off the ground. It’s never a bad idea to double-check and inquire. Don’t waste time submitting an unfinished application. Grants are deemed free money since they do not require repayment. However, this does not mean that grants are free. Grants for small businesses are quite competitive. You could squander a lot of time and money applying for funding that you will never receive.
SBA Loans

You may attempt to get money from the Small Business Administration, but SBA loans are difficult to come by. Furthermore, you must have exhausted all other options for collecting funds first. For more information, visit sba.gov/partners/lenders/7a-loan-program/terms-conditions-eligibility. The SBA offers a variety of loan options in addition to the PPP. They do, though, have their qualifying criteria, which a decent business credit score will help you meet. Small businesses in underserved communities profit from the Community Advantage scheme. There’s also Express Bridge, but you have to be in a designated disaster area to qualify. For more information, visit: sba.gov/partners/lenders/7a-loan-program/pilot-loan-programs

Business Funding Through Personal Financing

401 K Financing

Retirement earnings from a 401K plan can be used as collateral. You put the money back in by donating, just like in any other 401K plan. This program is known as a 401K Rollover for Working Capital, while the IRS calls it a Rollover for Business Startups. This is not a loan against your 401K, thus there is no interest to pay. It does not rely on 401K or stock as collateral. 401K financing has low interest rates of less than 5%. More than $35,000 must be invested in your 401K. You can normally get up to 100% of what is rollable in your 401K. A copy of your two most recent 401K statements will be requested by the lender. Even if your credit is seriously damaged, you can obtain 401K financing. You cannot use a 401K from a company where you are currently employed.

IRA Financing

IRA financing is similar to 401K financing. You can invest a portion of your retirement assets in your business in as little as three weeks. This gives you greater control over the performance of your retirement plan assets as well as the operating money required for business growth. In general, you will work with a CPA to transfer a non-contributing and qualifying account. This provides for a cash-out of half of the amount, or $50,000, whichever is less. If applicable, your CPA will set up a self-directed IRA for the remaining money. You will need collateral to qualify for IRA financing.

Business Revenue Financing

Cash flow differs slightly from revenue. The money a firm earns through the sale of its products and services is referred to as revenue. Royalty-based finance is another term for business revenue financing. Business revenue financing is a method of raising finance from investors in exchange for a percentage of the company’s ongoing gross revenues. Because the loan is repaid dependent on income, the time it takes to repay the loan will vary. The faster your revenue grows, the faster you’ll be able to pay back the loan. The amount of money devoted to repayment can be as high as 10% of monthly earnings. Monthly payments will vary depending on revenue highs and lows and will continue until the loan is fully repaid.

Without Business Credit, How Does Any Business Know If Your Company Is Reliable?

Lenders and credit card firms aren’t the only ones that look at company credit sheets. Insurance firms and other organizations that are evaluating a commercial agreement may still do so. After all, you need to know whether a prospective customer will pay you, so you can use company credit reports. That’s extremely helpful knowledge to have, particularly before you spend time and money courting a potential client.

Business Credit Can Fix These Problems

To start a company, you’ll need a considerable amount of money. Many of these different funding strategies have drawbacks. They all cost more than getting business credit because filing for them all would take more time, and it can end up being the last thing you do for your time as a business owner. Your credit ratings are secured with business credit, you don’t have to put your house on the line with your business, every kind of business can apply, and new companies can compete more effectively with larger businesses. Through business credit, you’ll be working with data that’s as up-to-date, reliable, and impartial as the business credit reporting agencies will make it, giving you more trust in your choices on which firms to do business with. You still don’t have to bid for difficult-to-get grants or pursue crowdfunding, all of which have poor success rates. A good way to finance a new or current company is to use business credit. It is the most efficient way to collect funds without the use of collateral, good credit, currency, or a credit partner. Developing market credit is a crucial measure for any company to take.

Minority Entrepreneurs.

Business Funding and Grants for Minority Entrepreneurs

Because of COVID-19, life has changed dramatically in a brief amount of time, and small business owners have been hit the hardest by the pandemic. Small companies, especially those owned by minorities, need financing more than ever as the economic environment shifts. When it comes to applying for loans, minority company owners face a larger drawback, but there are still lots of special financing solutions open.
business funding for minorities

Challenges Minority Business Owners Face

1. Lower Net Worth

Latino and African Americans had 11 to 16 times less income than Caucasians. When starting a business, white business owners usually have more operating capital.

2. Lack of Collateral

Banks are usually less likely to grant loans to borrowers that have less equity to use as security. If a debt defaults, a lower net worth means less home equity and fewer high-value properties to sell. Because of the lack of stability and net worth, banks are more likely to issue smaller loans that must be repaid immediately, if they issue loans at all.

3. Poor Location

Minority-owned enterprises in regions that have historically not funded emerging businesses are unable to obtain financing. This could be a problem for someone looking for a loan for a company in a poor location.

4. Little to No Credit History

When banks consider loan applications, credit is a major consideration. Minorities statistically have lower credit scores. Banks and other conventional lenders are often more inclined to choose to do business with established entrepreneurs.

Small Business Grants for Women

small business loans for women

Amber Grants for Women:
ambergrantsforwomen.com/get-an-amber-grant/apply-now

The Amber Grant provides eligible female entrepreneurs $4,000 a month. The Amber Grant has a monthly submission process that allows the business owner to tell the story of how their company came to be. The filing fee is $15, and the owner is directly entered into a $25,000 grant program at the end of the year.

The Cartier Women’s Initiative Award:
cartierwomensinitiative.com

The Cartier Women’s Initiative Award is for women who have been running early-stage businesses for two or three years. An early-stage company has not yet produced sales and is only an idea. The enterprise must be a completely new for-profit business that the team has built from the ground up. To be registered, the company must also be incorporated. To be accepted, the project leader must be a woman in the capacity of Founder, Director General Manager, Project Leader, main shareholder, CEO, or Chairman. Up to two co-founders will be welcomed if both are women, and they will be asked to represent their idea to the CWIA in the awards. Every region’s seven laureates will receive $100,000, while the fourteen finalists will receive $30,000 each. An average company takes $10,000 to get off the ground, so this is a great way to get the business started on a budget.

Grameen:
grameenamerica.org/program

Grameen provides women-specific microloans ranging from $2,000 to $15,000. Grameen also provides free financial education and assistance services. Payments are reported to Equifax and Experian. Grameen has a 99% payoff limit, which helps borrowers create equity.

Small Business Funding for Native American Entrepreneurs

First Nations Development Institute

firstnations.com/grantmaking

The First Nations Advancement Institute’s mission is to support Native Alaskans, Hawaiians, and Americans by offering grants. In addition to supplying grants, this agency assists with the application process. There are currently no available grant options for this year, although this could change shortly. Visit their website for the most up-to-date information.

Rural Business Development Grants
Rural Business Development Grants for Native Tribes provides small rural enterprises with technical support, training, and financing. Opportunity funds are limited to 10% of a company’s gross annual funding and are only open to federally recognized tribes.

Small Business Funding for African American Entrepreneurs

National Black MBA Association Scale-Up Pitch Challenge

nbmbaa.org/scale-up-pitch-challenge

The National Black MBA Association Scale-Up Pitch Challenge is intended to assist younger companies with an African promoter who retains equal control. The grand prize is $50,000, with the second prize of $10,000, the third prize of $1,500, and a $1,000 prize for the people’s vote.

The Lemon-AID Foundation

marcuslemonis.com/lemon-aid-foundation

 

Via grants and equity contributions, the fund assists underserved neighborhoods and small businesses. The foundation also hopes to send grants to other humanitarian organizations with related missions and objectives. When applying for Lemon-AID, businesses would be asked to know their company inside and out and be prepared to share statistics and explain why they deserve it.

Small Business Funding for Latino Entrepreneurs

Camino Financial

caminofinancial.com

 

Camino Financial is a lender that operates on Latinx-owned companies. This company gives out prizes of up to $400,000. Camino Financial also provides same-day quotes and finance in as little as 24 hours.

funding for latin entrepreneurs

Small Business Funding for Disabled Entrepreneurs

National Arts and Disability Center

https://www.semel.ucla.edu/nadc/grants

If you're an artist with a disability who needs funding to fund your work, look at National Arts and Disability Center grants.

Accion

https://us.accion.org/oan/business-loans-for-people-with-disabilities

Small business loans from $300 to $100,000 are available from Accion. These loans will help with the costs of assistive devices and an accessible workspace and repair adaptive work vehicles. The loan must be guaranteed by the company. Keep in mind that personal assurances are often requested. Check the requirements for your company based on where it is located.

Statewide Loans for Disabled Business Owners

https://www2.illinois.gov/dceo/SmallBizAssistance/AdvantageIllinois/Pages/default.aspx

Look at local business lending opportunities as well. The Advantage Illinois loan scheme, for example, is for disabled-owned companies. Credit-building and business-assistance loans are also available from the Iowa Able Foundation.

Maryland Technology Assistance Program

http://mdod.maryland.gov/mdtap/Pages/MDTAP-Home.aspx

Assistive technologies can come at a high price. The Maryland Department of Disabilities operates the Assistive Technology Guaranteed Loan Program to solve this problem. Maryland residents may apply for low-interest loans through this scheme. Refer to MDOD's fact sheet on Assistance Technology for more detail. You can borrow anywhere from $500 to $60,000. For such cars, you can get financing for up to ten years. Unsecured loans up to $5,000 are eligible, with Unsecured Home Modification Loans up to $10,000. Invest in assistive technology such as screen readers, Braille translation software, TTYs, and voice recognition software.

The Abilities Fund in Nebraska

https://abilitiesfund.org/programs-and-services/

This agency supports injured entrepreneurs in creating or developing their small enterprises. Their micro-lending platform is currently only available in Nebraska, but they do have services for people with disabilities who want to start their own company.

Small Business Funding for Members of all Minorities

Union Bank

unionbank.com/business/lending/diversity-lending

Union Bank is one of the few banks in the nation with a special interest lending scheme approved under the Equal Credit Opportunities Act. Their Young, Minority, and Veteran-Owned Business Loan Program aims to support women, minorities, and veteran-owned companies. The solutions sold by Union Bank are tailored for small enterprises requiring loans of up to $2.5 million. Your company’s annual revenue must be less than $20 million to count. For UCC- and equipment-secured loans, Union Bank provides fixed-rate, unsecured, or secured term loans with terms up to 7 years. Owner-occupied industrial real estate lending on conditions up to 25 years. Annually renewable variable-rate, unsecured, or covered lines of credit. For UCC and equipment-secured loans, get a fixed-rate, unsecured, or secured term loan with terms up to 7 years. They will also help you gain certification. Government or big corporate contracts may be available if you are certified as a Woman Business Enterprise (WBE), Veteran Business Enterprise (VBE), or Minority Business Enterprise (MBE). You can qualify for WBE or MBE certification if the business is privately held and at least 51% owned by women, veterans, or minorities who are U.S. citizens or legal residents.

Accion

https://www.accion.org

Accion has a micro-lending platform targeted at low- to moderate-income business owners who are having trouble obtaining funding through conventional networks. Small business loans ranging from $300,000 to $1,000,000 are available to partner organizations. Pre-existing companies and startups are eligible for financing. Possible uses for the loan include purchasing inventory; purchasing or leasing equipment; professional costs; hiring employees; and covering any expenses associated with becoming an entrepreneur. To be eligible for a loan, you must be up to date on all bills, deposits, credit cards, and other payments for at least 30 days. The gross balance must be less than $3,000 if you are late. There are no mortgage rate changes due over the loan’s term; Do not file for bankruptcy in the previous 12 months; In the previous 12 months, you must not have skipped any rent or lease payments, and you must not have gone through foreclosure in the previous 24 months. You must present a marketing plan with a 12-month cash flow forecast, and a SCORE or SBDC affiliate referral.

Backstage Capital

http://backstagecapital.com/apply/

This is a fund for venture capital. Backstage Capital is a venture capital company that invests in companies run by women, people of color, and members of the LGBTQ community. Entrepreneur Investment applications are reviewed on a rotating basis at Backstage Money. They’ve poured capital into over 150 startups led by underrepresented entrepreneurs.

The Minority Business Development Agency

The United States Department of Commerce manages the Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA). This group is dedicated to assisting minority-owned businesses in obtaining the resources they require to grow and prosper. Grant competition requirements vary regularly, so be sure to check the MBDA’s website for the most up-to-date information. Currently, the MBDA assists its members in applying for funding through Grants.gov. This is especially useful because many business owners struggle with the grant application procedure.

National Minority Supplier Development Council

bcfcapital.com/borrowers

This is a membership-based non-profit association that assists minority-owned companies. The Company Consortium Fund is a grant program administered by the NMSDC that funds accredited minority-owned companies.

The Foundation for Business Equity

fbequity.org

The Business Equity Initiative helps Black and Latino business owners by providing capital and resources. They provided an emergency fund to Black and Latino companies in Massachusetts after the COVID-19 pandemic and existing economic conditions. This company frequently collaborates with corporate associates on loan deferrals.

The Local Initiatives Support Corporation (ILSC)

https://www.lisc.org/covid-19/small-business-assistance/resources/

ILSC is a non-profit organization whose services seek to revitalize underserved neighborhoods. Via its Small Business Relief grant scheme, they help African American and minority-owned entrepreneurs all over the country. They also provide state-specific mentorship and training programs for small businesses.

Government/Grants For Minorities

SBA Community Advantage Loans

sba.gov/funding-programs/loans

Small business owners who do not qualify for conventional lending should apply for SBA Community Advantage Loans for Members of All Minorities. Local mission-based lenders, such as nonprofit groups, are encouraged to make loans of up to $250,000. The SBA will guarantee up to 85% of the loan, and the interest rate will be prime plus 6%. This is an ideal choice for minority businesses in search of a substantial sum of money.

SBA Bailout Funding Under the CARES Act

congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-bill/3548

The CARES Act offers SBA bailout funds for all entrepreneurs to counter the economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The bill allows for emergency loans to be made to companies in financial trouble. The bill creates forgivable bridge loans and funds them and provides extra money for grants and technical assistance. Congress is now debating whether or not to increase funding for the service.

Community Connect Grants

rd.usda.gov/programs-services/community-connect-grants

This Department of Agriculture grant will be used to support entrepreneurs living in or running enterprises in remote areas that do not have internet broadband speeds of 10 Mbps or higher.

Kiva

https://www.kiva.org/borrow

Kiva isn't solely about minority-owned businesses. Their goal is to provide underserved areas with access to business resources. The loans are crowdfunded in $25 installments. These loans are available for up to $10,000 at 0% interest. Borrowers may sell their products or services to more than 1.6 million lenders all around the world.

NIH Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)

SBIR is a federal program that promotes the transfer of small business technology. SBIR and STTR initiatives aim to encourage socially and economically marginalized and women-owned small enterprises to innovate and develop their businesses. Eleven qualifying government departments shall set aside a portion of their budgets so that domestic companies can pursue R&D with a high potential for commercialization. Participating agencies include:
The Agriculture Department; The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards & Technology; Defense Department; Education Department; Department of Health and Human Services; Homeland Security; Transportation Department; Environmental Protection Agency; NASA; and the National Science Foundation.